The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held on October 26, 2015, referred to as the â€œThirteenth Five-Year Planâ€. Its biggest task was to formulate the Outline of the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development of the Peopleâ€™s Republic of China. That is, the "Proposal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Formulating the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development", referred to as the "13th Five-Year Plan". This highly anticipated meeting puts forward requirements for China's development in the past five years in different aspects. Accordingly, it has also had a major impact on the development direction of various industries and industries. The automobile industry, which has a place in national life and economy, is also No exception.
The "13th Five-Year Plan" is an important part of China's national economic plan. It sets goals and directions for the development of the national economy and involves all aspects of national economic development. Among them, the content and description related to the automotive industry are not infrequent. First of all, in the first part of the guiding ideology of coordinating the overall situation, it is mentioned that "adhering to scientific development. Development is the last word, development must be scientific development", " grasping the new characteristics of development, strengthening structural reforms, and accelerating the transformation of economic development mode. Achieve higher quality, more efficient, fairer and more sustainable development." As the guiding principle, the guiding ideology undoubtedly has a directional plan for the automobile industry, namely â€œsustainable developmentâ€ and â€œscientific developmentâ€.
The "13th Five-Year Plan" and the general guidelines for planning and formulation, and detailed requirements, in view of the automotive industry, to achieve the above requirements and continue to develop, this is an arduous task, a long way to go. Due to the rapid development of China's economy, the number of urban cars has increased rapidly, and the car's "contribution" to air pollution is indispensable, especially in the recent fog, and the car is one of the culprit. In addition, car exhaust increases carbon emissions, causing a greenhouse effect that affects the climate. In addition, there are various drawbacks in the currently widely used fuel-engine cars. Statistics show that under the road conditions of more than 80%, an ordinary car only uses 40% of the power potential, and will fall to 25% in the urban area. All of the above are obviously contrary to the requirements of the 13th Five-Year Plan. However, as an important means of transportation, cars are destined to have more long-term development because of their comfort, convenience and consumption requirements. Therefore, we can do It is based on this continuous optimization to achieve the best results.
The "Made in China 2025" promulgated by the State Council points out four directions for the sustainable development of automobiles in the future, namely, "pure electric vehicles", "hybrid vehicles", "fuel cell vehicles", and "intelligent network-linked cars". Among them, "hybrid car" should be the current best choice, with greater feasibility and development opportunities. The so-called hybrid vehicle generally refers to a hybrid electric vehicle, which uses a conventional internal combustion engine and an electric motor as a power source. This is the best of both worlds and innovative design, which can reduce waste of resources and reduce pollution, and will not be underdeveloped by battery technology. China's hybrid vehicles are mainly concentrated in East China, North China and Central China. The hybrid vehicles in the above three regions accounted for 65.1% of the country, especially the hybrid vehicles in East China accounted for 27.3% of the country.
Many automakers in the market are developing and producing hybrid vehicles, such as Toyota. Toyota has a special liking for hybrids and continues to explore on the road of â€œDouble Engineâ€. At present, Toyota has reached 4 hybrid models in the Chinese market, and a total of 10 hybrid models of Lexus. Toyota West China General Daxi Hongzhi said: "With the introduction of the dual-engine model, Toyota Hybrid sales will reach 10 times the current sales."
A hybrid vehicle with bright prospects and great potential will be the best implementation and interpretation of the 13th Five-Year Plan. It will help the 13th Five-Year Plan and ensure its implementation. First of all, from the consumer's point of view, the car does not need an external charging system, all the charging is solved, the engine and the motor can complement each other, no need to worry about no oil or no electricity. Second, for the environment and energy use, hybrid vehicles reduce pollution and carbon emissions. Compared with the traditional car, the internal combustion engine always works at the best working condition, and the fuel consumption is very low; it has the advantages of good fuel engine power, fast response and long working time, and the advantages of motor pollution-free and low noise.
Take the Toyota Group's Lexus ES300h as an example. In terms of noise reduction, the normal breathing sound is 22 decibels, the sound when the refrigerator is started is 36 decibels, and the noise value in the electric driving state is 34.5 decibels, which is better than when the refrigerator is started. The sound is still 1.5 decibels lower; in terms of carbon emissions, if you are 1 km after a meal, your breathing will produce an average of 30 grams of carbon emissions, while its driving 1 kilometer of carbon emissions is only 107 grams, with the same level Compared with the model, driving 6 years or 150,000 kilometers can reduce carbon emissions by 6.75 tons, which is equivalent to planting 270 trees for the earth.
Hybrid cars are undoubtedly an innovation, as the "13th Five-Year Plan" puts forward "innovation is a new impetus for development." The in-depth development and popularization of hybrid vehicles is a new starting point, a new starting point for industrial upgrading in the automotive industry, and a new starting point for the 13th Five-Year Plan. It is also a new starting point for future scientific development and sustainable development.
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